Conjuncts

As you learned, the basic consonant has an inherent vowel (अ) already attached to the sound. However, not all words will require each consonant to contain a vowel between each letter. When a consonant appears without a vowel between it and the next consonant a conjunct will appear.

 

An example of a word that would require a conjunct form would be the word school in the devanagari scrip: सकूल। Written with just the consonants and no conjuncts the translation would sound like suh koo l. Unless another form is found to combine स + क, the word school cannot be translated into the devanagari script. In this word, and many others you will learn, a conjunct is formed between स + क to delete the vowel that is inherent. In this case, school would be written as स्कुल. स drops the last line of the consonant to join with क showing there is no vowel between them.

Most conjuncts are fairly simple and follow a pattern. The ones shown below do not follow a typical pattern and will require memorizing.

 

The first conjunct to learn is क्‌ + र

 

Conjunct formed between क् + ष

 

 

This is an odd conjunct requiring three letters. It uses the conjunct from above (क् + ष = क्ष) and combines it with म

क्‌ + ष्‌ + म = क्ष्‌ + म

 

 

Conjunct formed between ज्‌ + ञ

 

 

Conjunct formed between त्‌ + र

 

 

Conjunct formed between द्‌ + ग

 

 

Conjunct formed between द्‌ + द

 

 

Conjunct formed between द्‌ + ध

 

 

Conjunct formed between द्‌ + भ

 

 

Conjunct formed between द्‌ + म

 

 

Conjunct formed between द्‌ + य

 

 

Conjunct formed between द्‌ + र

 

 

Conjunct formed between द्‌ + व

 

 

Conjunct formed between ह्‌ + न

 

 

Conjunct formed between ह्‌ + म

 

 

Conjunct formed between ह्‌ + य

 

 

Conjunct formed between ह्‌ + र

Conjunct formed between ह्‌ + ल

Conjunct formed with ह्‌ + व